We might think that the Empire, Imperium, begins with Augustus becoming Emperor, Imperator, but that is not the case. The fragmentary list of slaves confiscated from the property of the mutilators of the Hermai mentions 32 slaves whose origins have been ascertained: Slavery in the Ottoman Empire Slave trade, including trade of sex slaves,  fluctuated in certain regions in the Middle East up until the 20th century. Every successful prosecution helps to change the current balance of risk, in which modern slavery is a high-profit lowrisk activity for perpetrators. Athens also had a law forbidding the striking of slaves: Collective manumission was possible; an example is known from the 2nd century BC in the island of Thasos. For the titles with each name, see here. It is uncertain whether they had chattel slaves as well. It probably took place during a period of war as a reward for the slaves' loyalty,  but in most cases the documentation deals with a voluntary act on the part of the master predominantly male, but in the Hellenistic period also female. Tier 2 Watch List — Bolivia does not comply fully with the minimum standards for the elimination of human trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so; the government did not demonstrate overall increasing anti-trafficking efforts, and poor data collection made it difficult to assess the number of investigations, prosecutions, and victim identifications and referrals to care services; authorities did not adequately differentiate between human trafficking and other crimes, such as domestic violence and child abuse; law enforcement failed to implement an early detection protocol for identifying trafficking cases and lacked a formal process for identifying trafficking victims among vulnerable populations; specialized victim services were inadequately funded and virtually non-existent for adult women and male victims Botswana current situation: Tier 3 — Belarus does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and was placed on Tier 3 after being on the Tier 2 Watch List for two consecutive years without making progress; government efforts to repeal state-sponsored forced labor policies and domestic trafficking were inadequate; no trafficking offenders were convicted in , and the number of investigations progressively declined from ; efforts to protect trafficking victims remain insufficient, with no identification and referral mechanism in place; care facilities were not trafficking-specific and were poorly equipped, leading most victims to seek assistance from private shelters Belize current situation: Domestic industries, such as construction, manufacturing and brick kilns, should work with state governments and local organisations to find innovative ways of eliminating the need for child and bonded labour in their businesses. For example, given the high levels of internal migration, there is a clear need to ensure State police are encouraged and enabled to continue investigations across borders. The operation is an example of successful cross-state cooperation, as police and NGOs from both States worked together to get the women to safety and prosecute the perpetrators. Tier 3 — The Gambia does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; the government demonstrated minimal anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts, investigating one trafficking case but not prosecuting or convicting any offenders in ; authorities did not investigate, prosecute, or convict any government employees complicit in trafficking, although corruption was a serious problem; the government identified and repatriated 19 Gambian girls subjected to domestic servitude in Lebanon but did not identify or provide protective services to any trafficking victims in The Gambia; a government program continued to provide resources and financial support to 12 Koranic schools on the condition that their students were not forced to beg Ghana current situation: Augustus originally wanted an Elbe-Danube frontier, but one of his armies of three legions was caught in a catastrophic ambush and destroyed.