Roughly the same number of men and women work as professional and technical workers in this country, but men's average earnings are almost 1. The report measures the equality between men and women in four key areas: Many countries have bucked this depressing global trend and improved in the last 12 months, with more than half reducing their gaps. The top 10 There are no new top 10 entrants this year, but plenty of jostling for position: A long way to go A hundred years. On current trends, the report says, "the overall global gender gap can be closed in exactly years across the countries covered since the inception of the report, compared to 83 years last year. This analysis is based on four dimensions — economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival and political empowerment — across countries worldwide. Iceland is a leader on female political empowerment and a strong performer on wage equality. But if it is less than six percent it counts as a gender gap. Economic participation and opportunity — outcomes on salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment Educational attainment — outcomes on access to basic and higher level education Political empowerment — outcomes on representation in decision-making structures Health and survival — outcomes on life expectancy and sex ratio. Gender imbalances to the advantage of women do not affect the score. There are an almost equal number of male and female professional and technical workers in this country, but there are two and half times more male than female legislators, senior officials and managers. You can explore the situation across the world using our heatmap. Provided that women live at least six percent longer than men, parity is assumed. Thankfully, there is some good news. Last year it was 83 years, highlighting the backward steps the world has taken in the past 12 months. This year, 82 countries saw their scores increase, while 60 saw them decrease.