By law, only Level 2 and Level 3 sex offenders are listed on the public directory. Some states, like Massachusetts and Colorado, utilize multidisciplinary review boards or judicial discretion to establish registrant tiers or sexual predator status. Legal Limits on Disclosures. June In , California became the first state in the United States to have a sex offender registration program. Extreme care must be taken in the use of information because mistaken identification may occur when relying solely upon name, age and address to identify individuals. SORNA provides uniform minimum guidelines for registration of sex offenders, regardless of the state they live in. The most comprehensive legislation related to the supervision and management of sex offenders is the Adam Walsh Act AWA , named after Adam Walsh , who was kidnapped from a Florida shopping mall and killed in , when he was 6-years-old. In fact, a number of negative unintended consequences have been empirically identified that may aggravate rather than mitigate offender risk. Callers must have an individual's name and one of the following — an exact address, date of birth, driver's license number, or Social Security number — to learn if the individual is on the Registry. Level 1 offenders are required to register for a minimum of 20 years and Level 2 and 3 offenders for life view details. States had a certain time period to enact the legislation, along with guidelines established by the Attorney General. Critics say that registries are overly broad as they reach to non-violent offenses, such as sexting or consensual teen sex, and fail to distinguish those who are not a danger to society from predatory offenders. Under polygraph, many apprehended sex offenders indicated that most of their offenses were not reported. In addition, hundreds of counties and municipalities have passed local ordinances exceeding the state requirements,   and some local communities have created exclusion zones around churches , pet stores , movie theaters , libraries , playgrounds , tourist attractions or other "recreational facilities" such as stadiums , airports , auditoriums , swimming pools , skating rinks and gymnasiums, regardless of whether publicly or privately owned. I have read the disclaimer and agree to these terms and conditions. In general, offense-based classification systems are used for their simplicity and uniformity.