Gliddon, in their Types of Mankind , documented what they saw as objective racial hierarchies with illustrations comparing blacks to chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans. They recognised that the white public had been thoroughly conditioned by the dehumanising violence of animal comparisons and simianised representations, as in the reel racism of King Kong. In the Middle Ages, Christian discourse recognised simians as devilish figures and representatives of lustful and sinful behaviour. He is reputed to have concluded: Together with Silvia Sebastiani, Wulf D. The Fathers of the Church went one step further: Precisely because of that it also required the most thorough and systematic kind of dehumanisation in the theorisation of that reality. Nott and George R. There is no shortage of evidence that Trump voters exhibit relatively high levels of prejudice toward African Americans , Muslims and others. In his Independence Day speech, Congolese leader Patrice Lumumba blasted the oppressive legacy of Belgian colonialism to the astonishment and outrage of the Belgian king and his coterie, who had expected grateful deference from the natives. Your subscription supports journalism that matters. Not just in his numerous books, but in the movies made of them and the various cartoon strip and comic spin-offs, of his most famous creation, Tarzan of the Apes. Why would they change now? It is a world in which the black humans are bestial, simian, while the actual apes are near-human. Social Darwinism, triumphantly monogenetic, would become the new racial orthodoxy. Though all respondents of various racial and ethnic groups were included in the survey, we focus only on the white respondents in the sample. Take midth century America in circles in which polygenesis separate origins for the races was taken seriously.